Kos, considered a “blissful island” by the ancient Greeks, is an island rich in history, art and culture, where, for many centuries, Christians (both Catholic and Orthodox), Muslim and Jews dwelled side by side. Situated opposite Asia Minor (now the Western coast of Turkey), at a crossroad between Asia and Europe and on the sea route towards the Middle East, the island has had a tumultuous history and its sites and monuments bear witness to the influence of Ancient Greece, the Roman and Byzantine Empires, the Crusaders and the Knights of St John, the Ottoman Empire and even Italian fascism.
Undoubtedly, the most important landmark of the island is the ancient hospital Asclepieion with its impressive views of the island and the Turkish coast, where the most famous Koan of all time, Hippocrates, laid the foundation of modern medicine. In Kos you can visit other sites, monuments and museums dating from the Prehistoric to the Roman period (until the 3rd century), early christian basilicas and impressive castles from the medieval period (3rd-16th century), Ottoman monuments (16th century-1912) and imposing buildings from the period of Italian rule (1912-1943). Kos has always been a very fertile and agricultural island , supplying the surrounding islands with vegetables, fruit and cattle products. Today, Kos has a large variety of products to offer, that you should definitely try (wine, honey and other local products).