Kos Top

Of Watermills on the Zeioula river near the Asclepeion


On the banks of the Zeioula river lie the remains of seven consecutive watermills They are situated a short distance from the Asclepeion on the road to Zia.
Typically the water was diverted from the river along a channel (as you can clearly see in the case of the third watermill) into a funnel. That increased the velocity of the water which turned the horizontal grinding stones. The force of the water striking a simple paddle wheel set horizontally in line with the flow turned a runner stone balanced on the rynd which is atop a shaft leading directly up from the wheel. These mills were not extremely efficient and that probably explains why there were so many in very close proximity.


The first watermill




















































The second watermill





The third watermill







The fourth watermill




The fifth watermill




The sixth watermill







and the Seventh watermill




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